Resources for Educators

online resources for creating assignments, syllabi, exams, lectures, and discussion questions

Teaching the Middle Ages in Higher Ed - A series of interactive assignments crowd-sourced from medieval syllabi 

Medieval Europe Online - Online companion to Judith M. Bennett's Medieval Europe: A Short History and provider of great resources like timelines, maps, bibliographies, and links to medieval news stories

The Animated Bayeux Tapestry - Follow the story of the 1066 invasion through the famous embroidery now on youtube

A Short History of the Middle Ages - Barbara Rosenwein's online textbook companion with study questions, genealogies, and glossaries

Schoenberg Institute Manuscript Series - Flip through Penn's collection of medieval manuscripts with curators & scholars on youtube

International Medieval Bibliography - Bibliographic resource for medieval and early modern studies (subscription required)

Medieval primary sources


Early Medieval Texts - Alphabetical list with links to translations of key early medieval authors & texts c. 300 - c.800

The Internet Medieval Sourcebook - Archived collection of texts  in translation from late antiquity to the Reformation 

TEAMS Middle English Texts Online -Textual editions of Middle English texts geared toward students

The Labyrinth - Collection of texts, resources, websites, & introductions to medieval historical topics & themes

Perseus Latin Dictionary - Online Lewis & Short Latin dictionary and facing-page translations of classical texts


Index of Christian Art - Online visual database of medieval art & architecture (subscription required) 

BM Medieval Objects - Rooms 40 and 41 (c. 300 - 1500) at the British Museum, London, with high-res images

Anglo-Saxon Churches - Database of all churches containing Anglo-Saxon architecture from Harold Taylor's 3-volume series

Medieval Object Lessons - A digital project of medieval material culture & 3D scanning at Harvard University (currently in beta)

Staffordshire Hoard - Educational website dedicated to the display and conservation of 7th - 8th c. gold and silver Anglo-Saxon objects found in 2009

The Digital Pilgrim Project - the British Museum's ongoing database of 3D models of medieval pilgrims' badges & souvenirs

Sample Assignments

How to Analyze Visual and Material Culture 

As a first step to using material culture as historical evidence, this worksheet challenges students in my advanced and introductory courses to interrogate a single object or visual image from the past using a series of analytical questions. After this initial exploration, students have gathered enough data and questions about their object to begin research using secondary sources for a paper assignment or a collaborative online exhibition assignment.


Digital Narratives

In groups of two or three, students collaborate during the second half of my medieval and early modern survey courses to create a website. Each student’s contribution to the site, or digital narrative, explains the history of a particular object, architecture, or pieces of visual culture of their choice. Together, the class creates an online museum of objects from the time period of the course.

Introduction Paper

Rather than a final exam or a traditional research paper, students in my global history course on the vikings write the introduction to their imagined book on the Viking Age. This introduction assignment challenges students to think like historical writers and to draw out important questions of source analysis to review what they have learned about vikings over the course of the semester.